FANDOM



Catherine Deneuve (French pronunciation: ​[katʁin dəˈnœv], born 22 October 1943) is a French actress. She gained recognition for her portrayal of aloof and mysterious beauties in films such as Repulsion (1965) and Belle de jour (1967). Deneuve was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress in 1993 for her performance in Indochine; she also won César Awards for that film and The Last Metro (1980). She has appeared in seven English-language films, most notably the 1983 cult classic The Hunger. In 2008, she appeared in her 100th film, Un conte de Noël.

ContentsEdit

 [hide*1 Early life

Early life[edit]Edit

Deneuve was born Catherine Fabienne Dorléac in ParisFrance to French stage and screen actor Maurice Dorléac and actress Renée Deneuve (1911-).[1] Deneuve has two sisters,Françoise Dorléac (who died in a car crash on 26 June 1967) and Sylvie Dorléac,[2] and a maternal half-sister, Danielle. Deneuve attended Catholic schools.[3]

Film career[edit]Edit

Deneuve made her film debut at age thirteen in Les Collégiennes (1957), where she was credited as Catherine Dorléac. As she began to work continuously, she took her mother's maiden name (Deneuve) to use as her own professionally in order to differentiate herself from her elder sister, Françoise Dorléac, who was using their father's name.

The film that brought her stardom was Jacques Demy's 1964 musical Les Parapluies de Cherbourg, which led to additional prominent roles in Roman Polanski's suspense classic Repulsion (1965) and Luis Buñuel's Belle de Jour (1967)—as the haut-bourgeois housewife who achieves sexual satisfaction working in a Parisian brothel.[4] In the Polanski film, Deneuve first portrayed the character archetype for which she would be nicknamed the "ice maiden." Her work for Buñuel would be her most famous.[5][6]

Further prominent films from this early time in her career included Jean-Paul Rappeneau's La Vie de château (1966), which employed her underused comic skills, and Demy's musical Les Demoiselles de Rochefort (1967) with her sister Dorléac. Her screen persona as "a cold, remote erotic object which dreams are made on" reached a peak, according to the critic Philip French, in her second Buñuel film Tristana (1970).[7] Deneuve remained active in European films during the 1960s and the 1970s, though she limited her appearances in American movies of the period to The April Fools (1969), a romantic comedy with Jack Lemmon, and Hustle (1975), a crime drama with Burt Reynolds.

In the 1980s, Deneuve's films included François Truffaut's The Last Metro (1980), which garnered her the César Award for Best Actress, and Tony Scott's The Hunger (1983) with David Bowie and Susan Sarandon, where she played a bisexual Manhattan vampire, a role which brought her a significant lesbian following.[8]

In the early 1990s, Deneuve's more significant roles included 1992's Indochine with Vincent Perez, which garnered her a second César Award for Best Actress and an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress; and André Téchiné's two movies, Ma saison préférée (1993) and Les Voleurs (1995). She screen tested for the role of Francesca Johnson in The Bridges of Madison County[9] which went to Meryl Streep. In 1997, Deneuve was the protagonist in the music video for the song N'Oubliez Jamais sung by Joe Cocker. In 1998 she won acclaim and the Volpi Cup at the Venice Film Festival for her performance in Place Vendôme. In 1999 Deneuve appeared in five films, including Est-OuestLe temps retrouvé, and Pola X.

In 2000, Deneuve's part in Lars von Trier's musical drama Dancer in the Dark alongside Icelandic singer Björk was subject to considerable critical scrutiny; the film was selected for the Palme d'Or at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival. Deneuve made another rare foray into Hollywood in 2001 to star in The Musketeer. She shared the Silver Bear Award for Best Ensemble Cast at the Berlin International Film Festival for her performance in 8 Women (2002). In 2005, Deneuve published her diary A l'ombre de moi-meme ("In My Own Shadow", published in English as Close Up and Personal: The Private Diaries of Catherine Deneuve); in it she writes about her experiences shooting the films Indochineand Dancer in the Dark.

Deneuve's more recent films include Potiche (2010), which received a BAFTA nomination as Best Foreign film, and the musical Les Bien-aimés (2012), in which she acts alongside her real-life daughter Chiara Mastroianni. During an interview at the Cannes Film Festival with Ali Naderzad, Deneuve was asked which was her own favorite film. "I still say it was The Umbrellas of Cherbourg. To do a film completely with music like an opera was an incredible experience. But to work with music all the time, it's such a lift, you know? It's an opera, it's very different."[10] Deneuve continues to work steadily making at least two or three films per year.

Career outside of film[edit]Edit

Modeling[edit]Edit

In 1965, Deneuve appeared nude in a Playboy pictorial.[11][12]

One of the world's great beauties, her image was used to represent Marianne, the national symbol of France, from 1985 to 1989. As the face of Chanel No. 5 in the late 1970s, she caused sales of the perfume to soar in the United States – so much so that the American press, captivated by her charm, nominated her as the world's most elegant woman.[13]

In 1983, American Home Products retained her to represent their cosmetics line and hired world-renowned photographer Richard Avedon to promote its line of Youth Garde cosmetics, for which she famously proclaimed, "Look closely. Next year I will be 40."

She is considered the muse of designer Yves Saint Laurent; he dressed her in the films Belle de JourLa ChamadeLa sirène du MississipiLiza, and The Hunger. In 1992, she became a model for his skincare line.

In 2001, she was chosen as the new face of L'Oréal Paris. In 2006, Deneuve became the third inspiration for the M•A•C Beauty Icon series and collaborated on the colour collection that became available at M•A•C locations worldwide in February that year. Deneuve began appearing in the new Louis Vuitton luggage advertisements in 2007.

Deneuve was listed as one of the fifty best-dressed over 50s by the Guardian in March 2013.[14]

Entrepreneurial[edit]Edit

Deneuve introduced her own perfume, Deneuve, in 1986. She is also a designer of glasses, shoes, jewelery, and greeting cards.[citation needed]

Charities[edit]Edit

[1][2]Deneuve in 1999*Deneuve was appointed UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for the Safeguarding of Film Heritage in 1994. On 12 November 2003, she resigned her position to protest the nomination of French businessman Pierre Falcone as the Angola representative, which enables him to escape justice and investigation for illegal arms dealing.[15]

Political involvement[edit]Edit

  • In 1972, Deneuve signed the Manifesto of the 343 (Manifeste des 343 salopes, Manifesto of the 343 sluts). The manifesto was an admission by its signers to have practiced illegal abortions and therefore exposed themselves to judicial actions and prison sentences. It was published in Le Nouvel Observateur on 5 April 1971. That same year, feminist lawyer Gisèle Halimi founded the group, Choisir ("To Choose"), to protect the women who had signed the Manifesto of the 343.
  • Deneuve is involved with Amnesty International's program to abolish the death penalty.
  • In 2001, Deneuve delivered a petition organized by the French-based group, "Together Against the death penalty", to the U.S. Embassy in Paris.[18]
  • In April 2007, Deneuve signed a petition on the internet protesting against the "misogynous" treatment of socialist presidential candidate Ségolène Royal. More than 8,000 French men and women signed the petition, including French actress Jeanne Moreau.[19]

Personal life[edit]Edit

Deneuve speaks fluent French, Italian, English and is semi-fluent in German.[20] Her hobbies and passions include gardening, drawing, photography, reading, music, cinema, fashion, antiques, and decoration.[17]

In 1961, at age 17, Deneuve moved in with director Roger Vadim, who was 16 years her senior. They had a son, Christian Vadim, on 18 June 1963. The pair ended their relationship later that year.[2]

On 19 August 1965, Deneuve married British photographer David Bailey. They divorced in 1972 but remain friends. Deneuve has said, "Marriage is obsolete and a trap."[21]

Following her separation from Bailey, Deneuve had a relationship with actor Marcello Mastroianni, with whom she co-starred in five films. Deneuve gave birth to their daughter, Chiara Mastroianni, on 28 May 1972.[2] The couple split in 1975 but remained friends. Deneuve was present at his bedside when he died of pancreatic cancer on 19 December 1996.[2]

Deneuve also had a relationship with actor Clint Eastwood in 1966, while on a break from Bailey,[22] and dated director François Truffaut in the late 1970s.[2]

She had an on-and-off, long-term relationship with Canal+ tycoon Pierre Lescure during the 1980s and '90s.[2]

In an August 2007 interview, the intensely private Deneuve stated that she was in a relationship but would not disclose the name of her partner.[23]

Deneuve has five grandchildren. She became a grandmother for the first time at age 43 in September 1987, when Christian's 18-year-old girlfriend, Hortense Divetain, gave birth to their son Igor. Her other grandchildren are: Milo (b. 1996, Chiara's son with Pierre Thorreton), Anna (b. 2003, Chiara's daughter with Benjamin Biolay), Lou (b. 2010) and Mona (b. 2012), Christian's daughters with Julia Livage).[24]

Deneuve is a longtime cigarette smoker and has expressed her frustration with the increasing bans on smoking. During a press conference held in a Madrid hotel in March 2011 to promote Potiche, she was told to put out her cigarette and refused by saying she would pay the fine instead. "I think it is all very excessive", Deneuve told reporters.[25]

Filmography[edit]Edit

Year Title Role Notes
1957 Les Collégiennes Une grande (The Twilight Girls)

Credited as Catherine Dorléac

1960 L'Homme à femmes Catherine (Murder by Two)
1960 Les Portes claquent Dany (The Door Slams)
1962 Les Parisiennes Sophie (Tales of Paris)

Segment: "Sophie"

1962 Et satan conduit le bal Manuelle (And Satan Calls the Turns)
1963 Le Vice et la vertu Justine Morand (Vice and Virtue)
1963 Vacances portugaises Catherine (Portuguese Vacation)
1964 Les Parapluies de Cherbourg Geneviève Emery (The Umbrellas of Cherbourg)
1964 Les Plus belles escroqueries du monde Swindler (The World's Most Beautiful Swindlers)

Segment: "L'homme qui vendit la Tour Eiffel"

1964 La Chasse à l'homme Denise (Male Hunt)
1964 Un Monsieur de compagnie Isabelle (Male Companion)
1964 La Costanza della ragione Lori
1965 Les petits chats N/A (Wild Roots of Love)
1965 Repulsion Carole Ledoux
1965 Das Liebeskarussell Angela Claasen (Daisy Chain)
1965 Le Chant du monde Clara (Song of the World)
1966 La Vie de château Marie (A Matter of Resistance)
1966 Les Créatures Mylène (The Creatures)
1967 Les Demoiselles de Rochefort Delphine Garnier (The Young Girls of Rochefort)
1967 Belle de jour Séverine Serizy (Beauty of the Day)
1968 Benjamin Anne de Clécy (The Diary of an Innocent Boy)
1968 La Chamade Lucile (Heartbeat)
1968 Manon 70 Manon
1968 Mayerling Maria Vetsera
1969 The April Fools Catherine Gunther
1969 La Sirène du Mississipi Julie Roussel/Marion Vergano (Mississippi Mermaid)
1969 Tout peut arriver Interviewee (Don't Be Blue)
1970 Tristana Tristana
1970 Peau d'Âne La princesse/Peau d'âne (Donkey Skin)
1971 Ça n'arrive qu'aux autres Catherine (It Only Happens to Others)
1972 La Cagna Liza (Liza)
1972 Un Flic Cathy (A Cop)
1973 L'Événement le plus important depuis que l'homme a marché sur la Lune Irène de Fontenoy (A Slightly Pregnant Man)
1974 Touche pas à la femme blanche Marie-Hélène de Boismonfrais (Don't Touch the White Woman!)
1974 Fatti di gente perbene Linda Murri (Drama of the Rich)
1974 La Femme aux bottes rouges Françoise LeRoi (The Woman with Red Boots)
1975 Zig-Zag Marie
1975 L'agression Sarah (Act of Aggression)
1975 Le Sauvage Nelly (Call Me Savage)
1975 Hustle Nicole Britton
1976 Si c'était à refaire Catherine Berger (If I Had to Do It All Over Again)
1977 Anima persa Sofia Stolz (Lost Soul)
1977 March or Die Simone Picard
1977 Casotto Donna del sogno (Beach House)
1978 L'Argent des autres Cécile Rainier (Other People's Money)
1979 Écoute voir Claude Alphand (See Here My Love)
1979 À nous deux Françoise (Us Two)
1979 Ils sont grands, ces petits Louise Mouchin (When I Was a Kid, I Didn't Dare)
1979 Courage fuyons Eva (Courage – Let's Run)
1980 Le Dernier Métro Marion Steiner (The Last Metro)
1980 Je vous aime Alice (I Love You All)
1981 Le Choix des armes Nicole Durieux (Choice of Arms)
1981 Hôtel des Amériques Hélène (Hotel America)
1982 Le choc Claire (The Shock)
1983 L'africain Charlotte (The African)
1983 The Hunger Miriam Blaylock
1984 Le Bon plaisir Claire Després
1984 Fort Saganne Louise
1984 Paroles et musique Margaux (Love Songs)
1986 Speriamo che sia femmina Claudia (Let's Hope It's a Girl)
1986 Le Lieu du crime Lili Ravenel (Scene of the Crime)
1987 Agent trouble Amanda Weber
1988 Fréquence meurtre Jeanne Quester (Frequent Death)
1988 Drôle d'endroit pour une rencontre France (A Strange Place to Meet)
1991 La Reine blanche Liliane Ripoche (The White Queen)
1992 Indochine Eliane
1993 Ma saison préférée Emilie (My Favorite Season)
1994 La Partie d'échecs Marquise (The Chess Game)
1995 Les Cent et une nuits de Simon Cinéma La star-fantasme (A Hundred and One Nights)
1995 O Convento Hélène (The Convent)
1996 Les Voleurs Marie Leblanc (Thieves)
1997 Généalogies d'un crime Jeanne/Solange (Genealogies of a Crime)
1998 Place Vendôme Marianne Malivert
1999 Le Vent de la nuit Hélène (The Wind of the Night)
1999 Belle maman Léa (Beautiful Mother)
1999 Pola X Marie
1999 Le Temps retrouvé Odette de Crecy (Time Regained)
1999 Est-Ouest Gabrielle Develay (East/West)
2000 Dancer in the Dark Kathy
2001 Je rentre à la maison Marguerite (I'm Going Home)
2001 Absolument fabuleux Une spectatrice du défilé (Absolutely Fabulous)
2001 The Musketeer The Queen
2001 Le Petit poucet La reine (Tom Thumb)
2002 8 femmes Gaby (8 Women)
2002 Au plus près du paradis Fanette (Nearest to Heaven)
2003 Les Liaisons dangereuses Marquise Isabelle de Merteuil (Dangerous Liaisons)
2003 Um Filme Falado Delfina (A Talking Pictures)
2004 Princesse Marie Marie Bonaparte
2004 Rois et reine Mme Vasset (Kings and Queen)
2004 Les Temps qui changent Cécile (Changing Times)
2005 Palais royal! Eugénia
2006 Le Concile de Pierre Sybille Weber (The Stone Council)
2006 Le Héros de la famille Alice Mirmont (The Family Hero)
2007 Après lui Camille Lachenay (After Him)
2007 Persepolis Mrs. Satrapi Voice
2007 Frühstück mit einer Unbekannten Elegante Dame (Suddenly Gina)
2008 Un Conte de Noël Junon (A Christmas Tale)
2008 Je veux voir L'actrice célèbre (I Want to See)
2008 Mes stars et moi Solange Duvivier (My Stars)
2009 La Fille du RER Louise (The Girl on the Train)
2009 Cyprien Vivianne Wagner
2009 Bancs publics (Versailles rive droite) La cliente armoire (Park Benches)
2009 Mères et filles Martine (Hidden Diary)
2010 Potiche Suzanne Pujol
2010 L'homme qui voulait vivre sa vie Anne (The Big Picture)
2011 Les Yeux de sa mère Lena Weber (His Mother's Eyes)
2011 Les Bien-aimés Madeleine (The Beloved)
2012 Linhas de Wellington Severina (Lines of Wellington)
2012 God Loves Caviar Empress Catherine II of Russia
2012 Astérix et Obélix: Au service de sa Majesté Cordelia la reine d'Angleterre (Asterix & Obelix: On Her Majesty's Service)
2013 Elle s'en va Cathy (On My Way)

Discography[edit]Edit

  1. Digital delay
  2. Depression au-dessus du jardin
  3. Epsilon
  4. Monna Vanna et Miss Duncan
  5. Marine bond tremolo
  6. Ces petits riens (duet with Serge Gainsbourg) – original version performed by Gainsbourg and Juliette Gréco (1964)
  7. Souviens-toi de m'oublier (duet with Serge Gainsbourg)
  8. Overseas telegram
  9. What tu dis qu'est-ce tu say
  10. Oh Soliman
  11. Alice helas

Awards and nominations[edit]Edit

César Awards[edit]Edit

Year Award Film Result
1976 Best Actress Le Sauvage Nominated
1981 Le Dernier métro Won
1982 Hôtel des Amériques Nominated
1988 Agent trouble Nominated
1989 Drôle d'endroit pour une rencontre Nominated
1993 Indochine Won
1994 Ma saison préférée Nominated
1997 Les Voleurs Nominated
1999 Place Vendôme Nominated
2006 Best Supporting Actress Palais Royal! Nominated
2011 Best Actress Potiche Nominated

Academy Awards[edit]Edit

Year Award Film Result
1993 Best Actress Indochine Nominated

BAFTA Awards[edit]Edit

Year Award Film Result
1969 Best Actress Belle de jour Nominated

Other Awards[edit]Edit

Year Group Award Film Result
1965 New York Film Critics Circle Best Actress Repulsion Nominated
1976 Bambi Award Film International Lovers Like Us Won
1981 David di Donatello Awards Best Foreign Actress Le Dernier métro
1993 Women in Film Crystal Awards International Award N/A
1994 Goldene Kamera Best International Actress My Favorite Season
1995 San Sebastián International Film Festival Donostia Lifetime Achievement Award N/A
1997 20th Moscow International Film Festival Silver St. George Contribution to World Cinema[26]
1998 Venice Film Festival Volpi Cup, Best Actress Place Vendôme
1998 Berlin Film Festival[27] Honorary Golden Bear
2000 Art Film Festival Actor's Mission Award N/A
2001 Bambi Award Film International East/West / Dancer in the Dark / I'm Going Home
2001 Satellite Award Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role, Drama Dancer in the Dark Nominated
2002 Berlin International Film Festival Silver Berlin Bear 8 Women, shared with ensemble cast Won
2002 European Film Awards Best Actress 8 Women, shared with ensemble cast
2005 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or d'honneur N/A
2006 Bangkok International Film Festival Golden Kinnaree Career Achievement Award N/A
2006 Istanbul International Film Festival Cinema Honorary Award N/A
2008 Cannes Film Festival Prix spécial du jury du 61 Festival de Cannes Special Jury award with Clint Eastwood
2008 Satellite Award Best Actress – Motion Picture A Christmas Tale Nominated
2012 Film Society of Lincoln Center Gala Tribute N/A Won

In 2000, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, CaliforniaWalk of Stars was dedicated to her.

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.