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FIRA's Women's European Championship (or - as it is also known - the European Nations Cup and the European Trophy) is an international rugby unioncompetition contested between women's national teams who are members of FIRA - Association of European Rugby. The competition has its origins in a four nation "European Cup" held in 1988 but did not become an official FIRA competition until 1995. The competition has grown significantly and is some years attracts sufficient entrants for it to be divided into two "Pools" (A and B) with the eight highest ranked entrants in any year (based on FIRA rankings) in Pool A.

Since 2000 only the winner of the tournament held in between the World Cups (every four years, as highlighted) is officially recognised "European Champions", although teams winning tournaments in other years are often unofficially also described as "European Champions". This can cause some confusion, not least because the structure of the four-yearly tournament is invariably identical to the annual event. To make identification easier the competitions in the four yearly cycle are highlighted.

The only major difference between the "official" European Championships and other tournaments is that in the latter, between 2001 and 2007, England and France tended not to send their full strength national squads to the competition - though until 2007 they still played as "England" or "France". This has resulted in some confusion about the status of games played by these nations - England do not consider their games to be full internationals (or "tests")[1]and do not award caps, whereas while France also do not give caps to their players in such matches, they do recognise the games as tests matches.[2]FIRA and all other competing nations consider all the games to be "tests".[3]

The 2009 tournament acted as Europe's qualification tournament for the World Cup (all entrants sending full strength squads), after which the test match status problem was finally resolved. From 2010 onwards it was announced [4] that the non-Championship tournaments would be known as the "European Trophy" and any Six Nations entrants would officially be "A" sides (though in 2010 Italy, as they had not qualified for the 2010 World Cup, entered their full strength squad).

ContentsEdit

 [hide*1 Championship and "Pool A" tournaments

Championship and "Pool A" tournaments[edit]Edit

Year Host Final Third place match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd place Score 4th place
1988[5]

Details

[1]

France

[2]

France

8 - 6 [3]

Great Britain

[4]

Netherlands

10-6 [5]

Italy

1995

Details

[6]

Italy

[7]

Spain

22 - 6 [8]

France

[9]

Italy

23 - 19 [10]

Netherlands

1996

Details

[11]

Spain

[12]

France

15 - 10 [13]

Spain

[14]

Italy

11 - 6 [15]

Netherlands

1997

Details

[16]

France

[17]

England

24 - 8 [18]

Scotland

[19]

Spain

25 - 8 [20]

France

1998 No tournament due to the 1998 World Cup No tournament due to the 1998 World Cup
1999

Details

[21]

Italy

[22]

France

13 - 5 [23]

Spain

[24]

Scotland

15 - 13 [25]

England

2000

Details

[26]

Spain

[27]

France

31 - 0 [28]

Spain

[29]

England

40 - 20 [30]

Scotland

2001

Details

[31]

France

[32]

Scotland

15 - 3 [33]

Spain

[34]

England

34 - 23 [35]

France

2002

Details

[36]

Italy

[37]

Italy

35 - 24 [38]

Sweden

[39]

Germany

12 - 10 [40]

Netherlands

2003

Details

[41]

Sweden

[42]

Spain

16 - 10 [43]

France

[44]

Sweden

15 - 10 [45]

Italy

2004

Details

[46]

France

[47]

France

8 - 6 [48]

England

[49]

Scotland

11 - 10 [50]

Wales

2005

Details

[51]

Germany

[52]

Italy

22 - 3 [53]

Netherlands

[54]

Sweden

17 - 5 [55]

Germany

2006

Details

[56]

Italy

[57]

Italy

28 - 7 [58]

Netherlands

[59]

Russia

- [60]

Sweden

2007

Details

[61]

Spain

[62]

England

27 - 17 [63]

France

[64]

Spain

37 - 0 [65]

Netherlands

2008

Details

[66]

Netherlands

[67]

England

12 - 6 [68]

Wales

[69]

Ireland

12 - 12

(try count)

[70]

France

2009

Details

[71]

Sweden

[72]

Sweden

Joint

winners

[73]

Scotland

[74]

Netherlands

Joint

third

[75]

Spain

2010

Details

[76]

France

[77]

Spain

31-13 [78]

Italy

[79]

Netherlands

47-19 [80]

Sweden

2011

Details

[81]

Spain

[82]

England A

5-3 [83]

Spain

[84]

France A

17-7 [85]

Italy A

2012

Details

[86]

Italy

[87]

England

[88]

France

[89]

Italy

[90]

Spain

Performance of nations[edit]Edit

All tournaments[edit]Edit

  1.  France - 5 titles, 4 runners-up, 1 third, 3 fourths
  2.  England - 5 titles, 1 runner-up, 2 thirds, 1 fourth
  3.  Spain - 3 titles, 5 runners-up, 3 thirds, 1 fourth
  4.  Italy - 3 titles, 1 runner-up, 3 thirds, 3 fourth
  5.  Scotland - 2 titles, 1 runner-up, 2 thirds, 1 fourth
  6.  Sweden - 1 title, 1 runner-up, 2 thirds, 2 fourth
  7.  Netherlands - 2 runners-up, 3 third, 4 fourths
  8.  Wales - 1 runner-up, 1 fourth
  9.  Great Britain - 1 runner-up
  10.  Germany - 1 third, 1 fourth
  11.  Russia - 1 third
  12.  Ireland - 1 third

Official FIRA tournaments[edit]Edit

  1.  France - 4 titles, 3 runners-up, 1 third, 3 fourths
  2.  England - 4 titles, 1 runner-up, 2 thirds, 1 fourth
  3.  Spain - 3 titles, 5 runners-up, 3 thirds
  4.  Italy - 3 titles, 1 runner-up, 2 thirds, 2 fourth
  5.  Scotland - 2 titles, 1 runner-up, 2 thirds, 1 fourth
  6.  Sweden - 1 title, 1 runner-up, 2 thirds, 2 fourth
  7.  Netherlands - 2 runners-up, 2 third, 4 fourths
  8.  Wales - 1 runner-up, 1 fourth
  9.  Germany - 1 third, 1 fourth
  10.  Russia - 1 third
  11.  Ireland - 1 third

"European Championships"[edit]Edit

  1.  France - 5 titles, 1 runner-up, 2 fourths
  2.  England - 2 titles, 1 runner-up, 1 third, 1 fourth
  3.  Spain - 1 title, 3 runners-up, 1 third
  4.  Scotland - 1 runner-up, 2 thirds, 1 fourth
  5.  Wales - 1 runner-up, 1 fourth
  6.  Great Britain - 1 runner-up
  7.  Italy - 2 thirds
  8.  Netherlands - 1 third, 2 fourths
  9.  Ireland - 1 third

"Pool B" tournaments[edit]Edit

Year Host Final Third place match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd place Score 4th place
2000

Details

[91]

Spain

French Flanders

Pool [92]

Netherlands

[93]

Germany

2001

Details

[94]

France

[95]

Sweden

Pool [96]

Netherlands

[97]

Germany

Pool [98]

Belgium

2003

Details

[99]

Netherlands

[100]

Netherlands

19 - 12 [101]

Germany

[102]

Norway

10 - 10

(penalties)

[103]

Denmark

2004

Details

[104]

France

[105]

Netherlands

Pool [106]

Germany

[107]

Norway

Pool [108]

Denmark

2005

Details

[109]

Bosnia and Herzegovina

[110]

Russia

Pool [111]

Norway

[112]

Bosnia and Herzegovina

2007

Details

[113]

Belgium

[114]

French Universities

13 - 7 [115]

Belgium

[116]

Germany

15 - 0 [117]

Romania

2008

Details

[118]

Netherlands

[119]

Russia

31 - 14 [120]

French Defence

[121]

Germany

19 - 15 [122]

Belgium

2012

Details

[123]

Sweden

[124]

Sweden

10 - 3 [125]

Netherlands

[126]

Russia

45 - 17 [127]

Finland

Performance of nations[edit]Edit

  1.  Netherlands - 2 titles, 3 runners-up
  2.  Russia - 2 titles, 1 third
  3.  Sweden - 2 titles
  4. French Flanders - 1 title
  5. [128] French Universities - 1 title
  6.  Germany - 2 runners-up, 4 thirds
  7.  Belgium - 1 runner-up, 2 fourths
  8.  Norway - 1 runner-up, 2 thirds
  9. [129] French Defence - 1 runner-up
  10.  Bosnia and Herzegovina - 1 third
  11.  Belgium - 2 fourths
  12.  Finland - 1 fourth
  13.  Romania - 1 fourth
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