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Mary Kathleen Turner (born June 19, 1954), better known as Kathleen Turner, is an American film and stage actress and director. Turner came to fame during the 1980s, after roles inBody Heat (1981), Romancing the Stone (1984), and Prizzi's Honor (1985), the latter two earning her a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress. In the later 1980s and early 1990s, Turner had roles in The Accidental Tourist (1988), The War of the Roses (1989), Serial Mom (1994) and Peggy Sue Got Married (1986), for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress.

Turner later had roles in The Virgin Suicides (1999), Baby Geniuses (1999), and Beautiful (2000), as well as guest-starring on the NBC sitcom Friends as Chandler Bing's cross-dressing[1]father Charles Bing, and in the third season of Showtime's Californication as Sue Collini, the jaded, sex-crazed owner of a public relations company. Turner has also done considerable work as a voice actor, namely as Jessica Rabbit in Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988), as well as Monster House (2006), and the television series King of the Hill.

In addition to film, Turner has worked actively in the theatre, and has been nominated for the Tony Award twice for her Broadway roles as Maggie in Cat On a Hot Tin Roof and as Martha inWho's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?. Turner has also taught acting classes at New York University.[2][3]

ContentsEdit

 [hide*1 Early life

Early life[edit]Edit

Turner was born in Springfield, Missouri, the daughter of Patsy (née Magee) and Allen Richard Turner, a U.S. Foreign Service officer[4] who grew up in China (where Turner's great-grandfather had been a Methodist Christianmissionary).[5][6][7] Turner was raised in a strict conservative Christian household, and her interest in performing was discouraged by both of her parents: "My father was of missionary stock," she later explained, "so theater and actingwere just one step up from being a streetwalker, you know? So when I was performing in school, he would drive my mom [there] and sit in the car. She'd come out at intermissions and tell him, 'She's doing very well.'"[6][8]

Due to her father's employment in the Foreign Service, Turner grew up abroad, and graduated from the American School in London in 1972.[5] Her father died of a coronary thrombosis during that same year, and then the family moved back to the United States. At age nineteen, Turner began volunteering at a local Planned Parenthood office.[2] She attended Missouri State University in Springfield for two years, then studied theater at the University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC), where she received a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 1977.[9] During that period, Turner acted in several productions directed by the film and stage director Steve Yeager.[citation needed]

Career[edit]Edit

Body Heat[edit]Edit

In 1977, Turner made her television debut in the NBC daytime soap The Doctors as the second Nola Dancy Aldrich. She made her film debut in 1981 as the ruthless Matty Walker in the thriller Body Heat; the role brought her to international prominence. Empire Magazine cited the film in 1995 when it named her one of the 100 Sexiest Stars in Film History.[10] The New York Times wrote in 2005 that, propelled by her "jaw-dropping movie debut [in] Body Heat... she built a career on adventurousness and frank sexuality borne of robust physicality."[8] Turner ultimately became one of the top box office draws, and most sought-after actresses, of the 1980s and early 1990s.

The brazen quality of Turner's screen roles was reflected in her public life. With her deep voice, Turner was often compared to a young Lauren Bacall. When the two met, Turner reportedly introduced herself by saying, "Hi, I'm the young you."[11] In the 1980s, she boasted that "on a night when I feel really good about myself, I can walk into a room, and if a man doesn't look at me, he's probably gay."[10] In recent[when?] years, Turner has stated that she did not base the statement on her physical appearance, but on her mental attitude and frame of mind which, she stated, anybody can have.[citation needed]

Theatre Work and Broadway Debut[edit]Edit

Several months after moving to New York City in 1977, Turner took over the female lead in Michael Zetter's play Mister T, which co-starred Jonathan Frakes and played at Soho Repertory Theatre. That production marked her off-Broadway debut. Several months later, Turner made her Broadway debut as Judith Hastings in Gemini by Albert Innaurato, staged at The Little Theatre (now known as the Helen Hayes Theater) and starring Danny Aiello. It opened May 21, 1977, during the time when she was appearing in the soap The Doctors.[12]

Stardom during the 1980s[edit]Edit

After Body Heat, Turner steered away from femme fatale roles to "prevent typecasting" and "because femme fatale roles had a shelf-life." Consequently, her first project after this was 1983 comedy The Man With Two Brains. Turner co-starred in Romancing the Stone with Michael Douglas and Danny DeVito. The film critic Pauline Kael wrote of her performance as writer Joan Wilder, "Turner knows how to use her dimples amusingly and how to dance like a woman who didn’t know she could; her star performance is exhilarating."[13] Romancing the Stone was a surprise hit: she won a Golden Globe for her role in the film, and it became one of the top-ten-grossing movies of 1984.[14] Turner teamed up with Douglas and DeVito again the following year for its sequel, The Jewel of the Nile.

Several months before Jewel, Turner starred in Prizzi's Honor with Jack Nicholson, winning a second Golden Globe award, and later starred in Peggy Sue Got Married, which co-starred Nicolas Cage. For Peggy Sue, she received a 1986Academy Award nomination for Best Actress.

In 1988's toon-noir Who Framed Roger Rabbit, she was the speaking voice of cartoon femme fatale Jessica Rabbit, intoning the famous line, "I'm not bad, I'm just drawn that way." Her uncredited, sultry performance was acclaimed as "the kind of sexpot ball-breaker she was made for."[15] (Amy Irving provided Jessica Rabbit's singing voice in the scene in which the character first appears in the movie.) That same year she also appeared in Switching Channels, which was a loose remake of the 1940 hit film His Girl Friday; this, in turn, was a loose remake of the Ben Hecht-Charles MacArthur comedy The Front Page.

Turner appeared in the 1986 song "The Kiss of Kathleen Turner" by Austrian techno-pop singer Falco. In 1989, Turner teamed up with Douglas and DeVito for a third time, in The War of the Roses, but this time as Douglas's disillusioned wife, with DeVito in the role of a divorce attorney who told their shared story. The New York Times praised the trio, saying that "Mr. Douglas and Ms. Turner have never been more comfortable a team ... each of them is at his or her comic best when being as awful as both are required to be here ... [Kathleen Turner is] evilly enchanting."[16] In that film, Turner played a former gymnast, and, as in other roles, she did many of her own stunts. (She broke her nose two years afterwards, filming 1991's V.I. Warshawski.)[17][18]

1990s – slowed by disease[edit]Edit

Turner remained an A-list film star leading lady until the early 1990s, when rheumatoid arthritis seriously restricted her activities and her movie career went into rapid decline. Also, some of Turner's choices at that time proved to be poor – she turned down lead roles in Ghost and The Bridges of Madison County, both of which became big hits. The arthritis diagnosis was made in 1992 after Turner had suffered "unbearable" pain for about a year. By the time she was diagnosed, she "could hardly turn her head or walk, and was told she would end up in a wheelchair."[8]

As the disease worsened and the medication greatly altered Turner's looks, along with excess alcohol consumption that Turner said she used to kill her physical pain, her once promising film career as a leading lady took a nose dive and Turner was seen in fewer and fewer blockbusters – though Turner also blamed her age, stating that "when I was forty the roles started slowing down, I started getting offers to play mothers and grandmothers ..." She appeared in the low-budget House of Cards, experienced moderate success with John Waters's black comedy Serial Mom, and had supporting roles in A Simple Wish, The Real Blonde, and Sofia Coppola's acclaimed The Virgin Suicides. She also provided the voice of Malibu Stacy's creator, Stacy Lovell on the episode "Lisa vs. Malibu Stacy" on The Simpsons.

2000s – remission[edit]Edit

Despite drug therapy to help her condition, the disease progressed for about eight years. Then, thanks to newly available treatments, her arthritis went into remission. She was seen increasingly on television, including three episodes ofFriends, where she appeared as Chandler Bing's estranged, gay father, who works as a drag queen in Las Vegas.

In 2006, Turner guest starred on FX's acclaimed Nip/Tuck, playing a phone sex operator in need of laryngeal surgery. She appeared in a small role in 2008's Marley & Me. She played a defense attorney on Law & Order.

In 2009, she played the role of Charlie Runkle's sexually hyperactive boss in Season 3 of the television series Californication.

Voice actress[edit]Edit

In the same year as her Nip/Tuck cameo role, 2006, Turner provided the character voice of the role of Constance in the animated film Monster House. More recently,[when?] she provided radio commercial voice-overs for Lay's potato chips.BBC Radio 4 produced three radio dramas based on the V.I. Warshawski novels by Sara Paretsky. The first two, Deadlock and Killing Orders, featured Turner reprising her 1991 movie role, which had been based on Paretsky's novelDeadlock; however, the third, Bitter Medicine, saw Sharon Gless take over the part. Turner also provided the voice of Jessica Rabbit in the 1988 live action/animated film Who Framed Roger Rabbit, and again in the Disneyland attraction spinoff, Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin.

Stage career[edit]Edit

After 1990's roles in Broadway productions of Indiscretions and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (for which she earned a Tony Award nomination for Best Actress), Turner moved to London in 2000 to star in a stage version of The Graduate. TheBBC reported that initially mediocre ticket sales for The Graduate "went through the roof when it was announced that Turner, then aged 45, would appear naked on stage." While her performance as the infamous Mrs. Robinson was popular with audiences, with sustained high box office for the duration of Turner's run, she received mixed reviews from critics.[19] The play transferred to Broadway in 2002 to similar critical reaction.

In 2005, Turner beat a score of other contenders (including Jessica LangeFrances McDormand, and Bette Midler)[8] for the role of Martha in a 2005 Broadway revival of Edward Albee's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Albee later explained to the New York Times that when Turner read for the part with her eventual co-star Bill Irwin, he heard "an echo of the 'revelation' that he had felt years ago when the parts were read by [Uta Hagen] and Arthur Hill." He added that Turner had "a look of voluptuousness, a woman of appetites, yes ... but a look of having suffered as well."[citation needed]

Ben Brantley praised Turner at length, writing:

As the man-eating Martha, Ms. Turner, a movie star whose previous theater work has been variable, finally secures her berth as a first-rate, depth-probing stage actress ... [A]t 50, this actress can look ravishing and ravaged, by turns. In the second act, she is as predatorily sexy as she was in the movie Body Heat. But in the third and last act she looks old, bereft, stripped of all erotic flourish. I didn't think I would ever be able to seeVirginia Woolf again without thinking of Ms. Hagen [Uta Hagen]. But watching Ms. Turner in that last act, fully clothed but more naked than she ever was in The Graduate, I didn't see the specter of Ms. Hagen. All I saw was Ms. Turner. No, let's be fair. All I saw was Martha.[20]

As Martha, Turner received her second Tony Award nomination for Best Actress in a Play, losing to Cherry Jones. The production was transferred to London's Apollo Theatre in 2006. She starred in Sandra Ryan Heyward's one-woman show, Tallulah, which she toured across the U.S.

In August 2010, Turner portrayed the role of Sister Jamison Connelly in Matthew Lombardo’s drama High at Hartford TheaterWorks.[21] The production transferred to Broadway, at the Booth Theater, where it opened in previews on March 25, 2011, officially on April 19, 2011, and an announced quick closing on April 24, 2011.[22] However, in a rare move, the production is being revived, still headed by Turner, to undertake a national tour, beginning in Boston in December 2012.[23]

From August through October 28, 2012, Turner appeared in Red Hot Patriot: The Kick-Ass Wit of Molly Ivins, a play about the legendary liberal Texas columnist, Molly Ivins, at Arena Stage, in Washington, D.C.[24]

Personal life[edit]Edit

Turner married the real estate entrepreneur Jay Weiss of New York City in 1984, and they had one child, their daughter, Rachel Ann Weiss, who was born on October 14, 1987. Turner had been born into a Methodist Christian family, but she has said that she has "taken on a certain amount of Jewish tradition and identity" since marrying her Jewish husband and raising their daughter in Judaism.[7] In 2006, Turner announced that she and Weiss were planning a trial separation.[10] Turner and Weiss carried this forward to a divorce that became official in December 2007, but Turner has said, "[Jay]'s still my best friend."[25]

By the late 1980s, Turner had acquired a reputation for being difficult: what The New York Times called "a certifiable diva." She admitted that she had developed into "not a very kind person," and the actress Eileen Atkins referred to her as "an amazing nightmare."[8] Turner slammed Hollywood over the disparate treatment accorded male actors as compared to female actors in the quality of roles they receive as they age, calling it a "terrible double standard."

In 1990, Turner received unfavorable publicity when an arson fire at the Happy Land Social Club, located in a building managed by her husband, claimed 87 lives. The club was operating without a license and the building had been cited for numerous fire safety violations,[26] but The New Yorker quoted Turner saying that "the fire was unfortunate but could have happened at a McDonald's."[27]

As a result of her altered looks and weight gain from her rheumatoid arthritis treatment, The New York Times published this statement in 2005, "Rumors began circulating that she was drinking too much. She later said in interviews that she didn't bother correcting the rumors because people in show business hire drunks all the time, but not people who are sick." Turner has had well-publicized problems with alcohol, which she used as an escape from the pain and symptoms of acute rheumatoid arthritis. Turner has admitted that owing to her illness she was in constant unbearable agony and that as a result the people she was closest to would suffer from it as she was constantly drinking to relieve the pain and it made her a very difficult person.[28] A few weeks after leaving the production of the play The Graduate in November 2002, Turner was admitted into the Marworth hospital in Waverly, Pennsylvania, for the treatment ofalcoholism. "I have no problem with alcohol when I'm working," she explained. "It's when I'm home alone that I can't control my drinking...I was going toward excess. I mean, really! I think I was losing my control over it. So it pulled me back."[8]

Activism[edit]Edit

Turner has worked with Planned Parenthood of America since age nineteen, and later became a chairperson. She also serves on the board of People for the American Way, and volunteers at Amnesty International and Citymeals-on-Wheels. She was one of John Kerry's first celebrity endorsers. She has been a frequent donor to the Democratic Party. She has also worked to raise awareness of rheumatoid arthritis.[29]

Memoirs and interviews[edit]Edit

In the middle 2000s (decade), Turner collaborated with Gloria Feldt on the writing of her memoirs, Send Yourself Roses: Thoughts on My Life, Love, and Leading Roles. The book was published in 2008.[30] Nicolas Cage filed suit against her for claiming he had been arrested for DUI twice and once stole a chihuahua he liked;[31][32] Turner later publicly apologized.[33] During an interview on The View, Turner apologized for any distress she might have caused Cage regarding an incident that took place 20 years earlier.[34][35]

Filmography[edit]Edit

Film[edit]Edit

Year Title Role Notes
1981 Body Heat Matty Walker Nominated–BAFTA Award for Best Newcomer

Nominated–Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress

1983 The Man with Two Brains Dolores Benedict
1984 Romancing the Stone Joan Wilder Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress (2nd place)

A Breed Apart Stella Clayton
Crimes of Passion Joanna Crane / China Blue Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress

Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actress

1985 Prizzi's Honor Irene Walker Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy

Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actress

The Jewel of the Nile Joan Wilder
1986 Peggy Sue Got Married Peggy Sue Bodell National Board of Review Award for Best Actress

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress (2nd place) New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress (2nd place) Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Actress Nominated- Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actress

1987 Julia and Julia Julia Nominated- Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actress
1988 Switching Channels Christy Colleran
Who Framed Roger Rabbit Jessica Rabbit (voice)
The Accidental Tourist Sarah Leary
1989 Tummy Trouble Jessica Rabbit Voice role
The War of the Roses Barbara Rose Nominated- David di Donatello Award for Best Foreign Actress

Nominated–Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy

1990 Roller Coaster Rabbit Jessica Rabbit Voice role
1991 V.I. Warshawski Victoria 'V.I.' Warshawski
1993 Trail Mix-Up Jessica Rabbit Voice role
Naked in New York Dana Coles
Undercover Blues Jane Blue
House of Cards Ruth Matthews
1994 Serial Mom Beverly R. Sutphin Nominated–Chlotrudis Award for Best Actress
1995 Moonlight and Valentino Alberta Trager
Friends at Last Fanny Connelyn Television film
1997 Bad Baby Mom Voice role
A Simple Wish Claudia
The Real Blonde Dee Dee Taylor
1999 Love and Action in Chicago Middleman
The Virgin Suicides Mrs. Lisbon
Baby Geniuses Elena Kinder
2000 Cinderella Claudette
Beautiful Verna Chickle
Prince of Central Park Rebecca Cairn
2006 Monster House Constance Voice role
2008 Marley & Me Ms. Kornblut
2011 The Perfect Family Eileen Cleary
2014 Dumb and Dumber To Fraida Felcher

Television[edit]Edit

Year Series Role No. episodes Notes
1994 The Simpsons Stacy Lavelle 1 Voice role
2000 King of the Hill Miss Liz Strickland 3 Voice role
2001 Friends Charles Bing/Helena Handbasket 3
2006 Law & Order Rebecca Shane 1
Nip/Tuck Cindy Plumb 1
2009 Californication Sue Collini 10
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