Kim Hunter (November 12, 1922 – September 11, 2002) was an American film, theatre, and television actress. She won both an Academy Award and a Golden Globe Award, each as Best Supporting Actress, for her performance as Stella Kowalski in the 1951 film A Streetcar Named Desire. Decades later she was nominated for a Daytime Emmy Award for her work on the long-running soap The Edge of Night.[1]


 [hide*1 Early life

Early life[edit]Edit

Hunter was born Janet Cole in DetroitMichigan, the daughter of Grace Lind, who was trained as a concert pianist, and Donald Cole, a refrigeration engineer.[2] She attended Miami Beach High School.


Hunter's first film role was in the 1943 film noirThe Seventh Victim. In 1947, she performed in the original Broadwayproduction of A Streetcar Named Desire, playing the role of Stella Kowalski. Recreating that role in the 1951 film version, Hunter won both the Academy and Golden Globe Awards for Best Supporting Actress. In the interim, however, back in 1948, she had already joined with 'Streetcar' co-stars Marlon BrandoKarl Malden, and 47 others, to become one of the very first members accepted by the newly created Actors Studio.[3]

In 1952, fresh on the heels of her Supporting Actress Oscar, Hunter would become Humphrey Bogart's leading lady in Deadline USA. From Brando to Bogart, both critical and commercial success; it certainly seemed that Hunter's star was on the rise. For Hunter, however, as for so many, such certainties were about to be short-circuited.

Hunter was blacklisted from film and television in the 1950s, amid suspicions of communism in Hollywood, during the McCarthy EraStreetcar director Elia Kazan gave her name to the House Un-American Activities Committee.[citation needed] She still appeared in an episode of CBS's anthology series Appointment with Adventure andNBC's Justice, based on case files of the New York Legal Aid Society.[4]

She appeared opposite Mickey Rooney in the 1957 live CBS-TV broadcast of The Comedian, a harrowing drama written by Rod Serling and directed by John Frankenheimer. In 1959 she appeared in Rawhide season 1/16 episode Incident of the Misplaced Indians as Amelia Spaulding. In 1962, she appeared in the NBCmedical drama The Eleventh Hour in the role of Virginia Hunter in the episode Of Roses and Nightingales and Other Lovely Things. In 1963, Hunter appeared as Anita Anson on the ABC medical drama Breaking Point in the episode Crack in an Image. In 1965, she appeared twice as Emily Field in the NBC TV medical seriesDr. Kildare. In 1967, she appeared in the pilot episode of Mannix. On Feb. 4th 1968, she appeared as Ada Halle in the NBC TV western series Bonanza in the episodeThe Price of Salt.

Her other major film roles include the love interest of David Niven's character in the film A Matter of Life and Death (1946), and Zira, the sympathetic chimpanzeescientist in the 1968 film Planet of the Apes and two sequels. She also appeared in several radio and TV soap operas, most notably as Nola Madison on TV's The Edge of Night, for which she received a Daytime Emmy Award nomination as Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series in 1980.[1] In 1979 she appeared as First LadyEllen Axson Wilson in the serial drama Backstairs at the White House.

Hunter starred in the controversial TV movie Born Innocent (1974) playing the mother of Linda Blair's character. She also starred in several episodes of the CBS Radio Mystery Theater during the mid-1970s. In 1971 she appeared in an episode of Cannon. In the same year she starred in a Columbo episode "Suitable for Framing." In 1973, she appeared twice on Lorne Greene's short-lived ABC crime drama Griff, including the episode The Last Ballad, in which she portrayed Dr. Martha Reed, anabortionist held by police in the death of a patient. In 1974, she appeared on Raymond Burr's Ironside. In 1977, she appeared on the NBC western series The Oregon Trail starring Rod Taylor, in the episode The Waterhole, which also featured Lonny Chapman.

Although not recognizable because of the costume and make-up, Hunter's most frequently played movie role was that of Dr. Zira in the film Planet of the Apes and its two sequels.

Death and legacy[edit]Edit

Hunter died of a heart attack in New York City at the age of 79. She received two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one for motion pictures at 1615 Vine Street and a second for television at 1715 Vine Street.[5]


Year Film Role Notes
1943 The Seventh Victim Mary Gibson
Tender Comrade Doris Dumbrowski
1944 When Strangers Marry Millie Baxter
A Canterbury Tale Johnson's Girl US release
1945 You Came Along Frances Hotchkiss
1946 A Matter of Life and Death June
1951 A Streetcar Named Desire Stella Kowalski Academy Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role

Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture

1952 Deadline - U.S.A. Nora Hutcheson
Anything Can Happen Helen Watson
1956 Storm Center Martha Lockridge
Bermuda Affair Fran West
1957 The Young Stranger Helen Ditmar
1959 Money, Women and Guns Mary Johnston Kingman
1964 Lilith Dr. Bea Brice
1964 The Evil of Adelaide Winters Adelaide Winters "The Alfred Hitchcock Hour" TV Episode
1968| Planet of the Apes Dr. Zira
The Swimmer Betty Graham
1970 Beneath the Planet of the Apes Dr. Zira
1971 Escape from the Planet of the Apes Dr. Zira
1974 Bad Ronald Elaine
1976 Dark August Adrianna Putnam
1976 Once an Eagle Kitty Damon
1987 The Kindred Amanda Hollins
1990 Due occhi diabolici Mrs. Pym segment "The Black Cat"
1993 The Black Cat Mrs. Pym Short release of segment in Due occhi diabolici
1997 Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil Betty Harty
1998 A Price Above Rubies Rebbitzn
1999 Abilene Emmeline Brown
Out of the Cold Elsa Lindepu
2000 Here's to Life! Nelly Ormond
The Hiding Place Muriel
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