Siouxsie Sioux (/ˈsuːziː suː/, born Susan Janet Ballion, 27 May 1957) is an English singer-songwriter. She is best known as the lead singer of rock bandSiouxsie and the Banshees (1976–1996) and of its splinter group The Creatures (1981–2005). The Banshees produced 11 studio albums and a string of hit singles including "Hong Kong Garden", "Happy House", "Peek-a-Boo" and "Kiss Them for Me". With the Creatures, Siouxsie recorded four studio albums and the hit single "Right Now". She has also sung with artists such as Morrissey and John Cale. In the mid-2000s, she began a solo career and releasedMantaray in 2007.
Siouxsie is considered to be "one of the most influential British singers of the rock era". Her songs have been covered by Jeff Buckley, Tricky, Massive Attack, and LCD Soundsystem. Her records have also been praised by a wide range of other artists including PJ Harvey and TV on the Radio. In 2011, she was awarded for Outstanding Contribution to Music at the Q Awards and in 2012, at the Ivor Novello Awards, she received the Inspiration Award.
- 2 Influence on other artists
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Discography
- 5 Notes
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Siouxsie was born Susan Janet Ballion on 27 May 1957 at Guy's Hospital in Southwark, Central London, England. She was the youngest of three children; 10 years separate her from her elder brother and sister. Her two elder siblings were born while the family was based in the Belgian Congo. Her parents met in that colony and stayed working there for a few years. Her mother, Betty, was a bilingual English secretary and her father was a bacteriologist who milked venom from snakes. He was a Belgian Walloon from the French-speaking part. In the late 1950s, before Siouxsie's birth, the family moved to England. The Ballions lived in a suburban district, in Chislehurst in Kent (now south-east London). Siouxsie had an isolated youth. Her comrades invited her home but she couldn't reciprocate as her father drank at home and didn't work. She was aware of her family being different. The Ballions weren't part of the community. Their house was different: elsewhere, "life in all its normality was being paraded". She later said: "the suburbs inspired intense hatred".
At the age of nine, Susan and a friend were "seriously sexually assaulted". The more damaging aspect being the assault was "totally ignored" by her parents. The episode became an unspoken item. From that moment, she started to acquire disrespect for adulthood. Years later, she stated : "I grew up having no faith in adults as responsible people. And being the youngest in the family I was isolated – I had no-one to confide in. So I invented my own world, my own reality. It was my own way of defending myself – protecting myself from the outside world. The only way I could deal with how to survive was to get some strong armour."
Her father died prematurely when Siouxsie was 14 years old, resulting in an immediate adverse effect on her health. She lost a lot of weight and missed school. After several misdiagnoses, she was operated on and survived a bout of ulcerative colitis. During the weeks of recovery in summer 1972, she watched television in the hospital and first saw David Bowie on Top of the Pops.
At 17, she left school. It was during this period that she began frequenting the local gay discos where most of her sister's friends used to go. She introduced her own friends to that scene. In November 1975, a new young group called the Sex Pistols performed at the local art college in Chislehurst. Siouxsie did not attend, but one of her friends told her how their singer threatened the string of students present at that gig. He added that they sounded like the Stooges. In February 1976, Siouxsie and her friend Steven Severin (then still called Steven Bailey) went to see the Pistols play in the capital. After chatting with members of the band, Siouxsie and Severin decided to follow them regularly. In the following months, journalist Caroline Coon coined the term "Bromley Contingent" to describe this group of eccentric teenagers devoted to the Sex Pistols.
Siouxsie became well known in the London club scene for her glam, fetish and bondage attire, which later became part of punk fashion. She would also later epitomise gothic style with her signature cat-eye makeup, deep red lipstick, spiky dyed-black hair, and black clothing.
In early September 1976, the Bromley Contingent followed the Pistols to France, where Siouxsie was beaten up for wearing a black armband with a swastika on it. She claimed her intent was to shock thebourgeoisie, not to make a political statement. She later wrote the song "Metal Postcard (Mittageisen)" (in memory of the anti-Nazi artist John Heartfield).
Following the adage of DIY and the idea that the people in the audience could be the people on stage, Siouxsie and Severin decided to form a band. When a support slot at the 100 Club Punk Festival(organised by Malcolm McLaren) opened up, they decided to make an attempt at performing, although at that time they did not know how to play any songs. On 20 September 1976, the band improvised music as Siouxsie recited poems and prayers she had memorised. This "Lord's Prayer" performance lasted 20 minutes.
For critic Jon Savage, Siouxsie was "unlike any female singer before or since, commanding yet aloof, entirely modern." She opened a new era for women in music as Viv Albertine from The Slits would later comment:
"Siouxsie just appeared fully made, fully in control, utterly confident. It totally blew me away. There she was doing something that I dared to dream but she took it and did it and it wiped the rest of the festival for me, that was it. I can't even remember everything else about it except that one performance."
One of Siouxsie's first public appearances was with the Sex Pistols on Bill Grundy's television show, on Thames Television in December 1976. Standing next to the band, Siouxsie made fun of the presenter when he asked her how she was doing. She responded: "I've always wanted to meet you, Bill". Grundy, who was drunk, suggested a meeting after the show. That directly provoked a reaction from Sex Pistols guitarist Steve Jones, who responded with a series of expletives never heard before on early-evening television. This episode created a media furore on the front covers of several tabloids, including theDaily Mirror with the headline "Siouxsie's a Punk Shocker". This event had a major impact on the Sex Pistols' subsequent career, and overnight, they became a household name.
Not liking the clichés put forward by the press, Siouxsie distanced herself from that scene and stopped seeing the Sex Pistols. She decided to focus all her energy on her own band, the Banshees.Siouxsie and the Banshees
In 1977, Siouxsie began touring in England with Severin on bass guitar as Siouxsie and the Banshees. One year later, their first single, "Hong Kong Garden," reached the top 10 in the UK. With its oriental-inflected xylophone motif, it was depicted by critics as "a bright, vivid narrative, something like snapshots from the window of a speeding Japanese train, power charged by the most original, intoxicating guitar playing heard in a long, long time."
Their first album, 1978's The Scream, was described by Nick Kent in the NME in the following terms: "The band sounds like some unique hybrid of The Velvet Underground mated with much of the ingenuity of Tago Mago-era Can, if any parallel can be drawn." At the end of the article, he added this remark: "Certainly, the traditional three-piece sound has never been used in a more unorthodox fashion with such stunning results." The Scream was later hailed by the NME as one of the best debut albums of all time along with Patti Smith's Horses. Join Hands followed in 1979.
The 1980 album Kaleidoscope marked a change of musical direction with the arrival of John McGeoch, considered "one of the most innovative and influential guitarists of the past 30 years". The hit single "Happy House" was qualified as "great Pop" with "liquid guitar" and other songs like "Red Light" were layered with electronic sounds. Kaleidoscope widened Siouxsie's audience, reaching the top 5 in the UK charts. Juju followed in 1981, reaching number 7; the singles "Spellbound" and "Arabian Knights" were described as "pop marvels" by the Guardian. During recording sessions for Juju, Siouxsie and drummer Budgie formed a percussion-oriented side project called The Creatures, inspired by the stripped-down sound of vocal and drum tracks. The first record from the duo was the EP Wild Things.Main article: The Creatures
In 1982, the British press greeted the Siouxsie and the Banshees' album A Kiss in the Dreamhouse enthusiastically. Richard Cook in the NME finished his review with "I promise. This music will take your breath away."
In 1983, Siouxsie went to Hawaii to record the Creatures' first album Feast, which included the hit single "Miss the Girl". Later that year, Siouxsie and Budgie released "Right Now", a song from Mel Tormé's repertoire that the Creatures re-orchestrated with brass arrangements. Then with the Banshees (including guitarist Robert Smith of The Cure), she covered The Beatles' "Dear Prudence", reaching number 3 on the UK Singles Chart. Two albums followed with Smith: Nocturne, recorded live in London in 1983, and 1984's Hyæna. 1986's Tinderbox and the 1987 covers album Through the Looking Glass both reached the top 15 in the UK.
In 1988, the single "Peek-a-Boo" marked a musical departure from her previous work, anticipating hip hop-inspired rock with the use of samples. The song was praised by the NME as "oriental marching band hip hop with farting horns and catchy accordion" and hailed by the Melody Maker as "a brightly unexpected mixture of black steel and pop disturbance." The Peepshow album was considered by critics to be the Banshees' most successful album in years.
Siouxsie then temporarily reformed the Creatures with Budgie and went to Spain to record Boomerang. In his review, Simon Reynolds said that it was her "most inventive and invigorated music since A Kiss in the Dreamhouse". In 2012, one of the songs, the jazzy "You!" was used by two dancers in the US TV show So You Think You Can Dance.Siouxsie at the first Lollapalooza in Irvine, California, 1991
On 1991's dance-oriented "Kiss Them for Me" single, Siouxsie and the Banshees used South Asian instrumentation, which had become popular in the UK club scene with the growth of bhangra. Indian tabla player Talvin Singh (who was later Björk's percussionist on her 1993's Debut album) took part in the session and provided vocals for the bridge. With Kiss Them for Me, the Banshees scored a hit on the US Billboard Hot 100 peaking at number 23. After the release ofSuperstition which received enthusiastic reviews, the group co-headlined the first Lollapalooza tour, further increasing their American following.
In 1992, the Banshees recorded the single "Face to Face" and began a hiatus of a few years. The last Banshees studio album, The Rapture, was released in 1995. After the accompanying tour, the Banshees announced their split during a press conference called "20 Minutes into 20 Years".
In the mid-1990s, Siouxsie started to do one-off collaborations with other artists.
Suede invited her to a benefit concert for the Red Hot Organization. With guitarist Bernard Butler, she delivered a version of Lou Reed's "Caroline Says". Spinreviewed it as "haughty and stately".
Morrissey, ex-lead singer of The Smiths, recorded a duet with Siouxsie in 1994. They both sang on the single "Interlude", a track that was initially performed by Timi Yuro, a female torch singer of the 1960s. "Interlude" was released under the banner of "Morrissey and Siouxsie".
In 1995, she released the song "The Lighthouse" on French producer Hector Zazou's album Chansons des mers froides which translates to Songs from the Cold Seas. Siouxsie and Zazou adapted the poem "Flannan Isle" by English poet Wilfred Wilson Gibson.
In February 1998, former Velvet Underground member John Cale invited her to a festival called "With a Little Help From My Friends" at the Paradiso in Amsterdam. The concert was shown on Dutch national television and featured an unreleased Siouxsie composition, "Murdering Mouth", sung as a duet with Cale. The collaboration between the two artists worked so well that they decided to tour the US from July until August, performing "Murdering Mouth" and Cale's "Gun" together in the encores.
The following year, Siouxsie and Budgie released the first Creatures album since the split of the Banshees. Anima Animus was described by The Times as "hypnotic and inventive". Also in 1999, Siouxsie collaborated with Marc Almond on the track "Threat of Love."
In 2003, Siouxsie was featured on the track "Cish Cash" by Basement Jaxx. The album Kish Kash won Best Electronic/Dance Album at the Grammy Awards. Siouxsie then released the last Creatures album, Hai! which was in part recorded in Japan. Peter Wratts wrote in Time Out: "Her voice is the dominant instrument here, snaking and curling around the bouncing drumming backdrop, elegiac and inhuman as she chants, purrs and whispers her way around the album." He termed the record a "spine-tingling achievement."Siouxsie at the Saturday Night Fiber, Madrid 2008
In 2004, she toured for the first time as a solo act combining Banshees and Creatures songs. A live DVD called Dreamshow was recorded at the last London concert, in which she was accompanied by the Millennia Ensemble. Released in August 2005, this DVD reached the No. 1 position in the UK music DVD charts.
Her first solo album Mantaray was released in September 2007. Pitchfork wrote, "She really is pop", before finishing the review by declaring, "It's a success." Mojostated: "a thirst for sonic adventure radiates from each track".
In 2008, Siouxsie performed vocals for the track "Careless Love" on The Edge of Love soundtrack by composer Angelo Badalamenti, a frequent collaborator with directorDavid Lynch. She performed another Badalamenti number, "Who Will Take My Dreams Away", at the annual edition of the World Soundtrack Awards.
After a year of touring, the singer played the last show of her tour in London in September 2008. A live DVD of this performance, Finale: The Last Mantaray & More Show, was released in 2009.
In June 2013 after a hiatus of five years, Siouxsie performed two nights at the Royal Festival Hall in London during Yoko Ono's Meltdown festival. She performed 1980'sKaleidoscope album in its entirety, along with other works from her back catalogue: her performance was hailed by the press. She also appeared at Ono's Double Fantasy concert, to sing the final song "Walking on Thin Ice".
Her voice is, in its own right, the common thread through all of it. There is no one who sings like that. And I think there are a lot of people who were influenced by it, but even if you try and sing like her, you can't do that. You can't throw your voice like that. You can't throw harmony like that. That is a very distinct voice. Her technique is a thread between the really far-out stuff and opera and pop music. It's distinct. It's all her own.
Siouxsie's influence on modern music has been considerable. Siouxsie had a strong impact on two trip-hop acts. Tricky covered 1983's proto trip-hop "Tattoo" to open his second album Nearly Godand Massive Attack sampled "Metal Postcard" on their song "Superpredators (Metal Postcard)" for the soundtrack to the film The Jackal.
Other acts have also covered Siouxsie's songs. Jeff Buckley, who took inspiration from various female singers, performed "Killing Time", composed by Siouxsie and Budgie in 1989 for the Creatures albumBoomerang. Buckley first sang it in 1992 on WFMU. LCD Soundsystem recorded a cover of "Slowdive" for the B-side of "Disco Infiltrator". Their version was also released on Introns. Santigoldbased one of her tracks, "My Superman", on the music of Banshees song "Red Light". In 2003, The Beta Band sampled "Painted Bird" and changed the title to "Liquid Bird" on their Heroes to Zerosalbum. Red Hot Chili Peppers performed "Christine" at the V2001 festival and introduced it to their British audience as "your national anthem". Indie rock songwriter Jeremy Jay covered "Lunar Camel" on his debut Airwalker EP. Indie folk group DeVotchKa covered the ballad "The Last Beat of My Heart" on the suggestion of Arcade Fire singer Win Butler; it was released on the Curse Your Little HeartEP.
Morrissey, previously of The Smiths said that "Siouxsie and the Banshees were excellent. They were one of the great groups of the late 70s, early 80s". In 1995, discussing modern bands, he also stated: "None of them are as good as Siouxsie and the Banshees at full pelt. That's not dusty nostalgia, that's fact." Another ex-member of The Smiths, Johnny Marr, mentioned that he rated guitarist John McGeoch for his work on Siouxsie's single "Spellbound". Marr qualified it as "clever" with "really good picky thing going on which is very un-rock'n'roll." Radiohead also cited McGeoch-era Siouxsie records when mentioning the recording of "There There" Their singer Thom Yorke said: "the band that really changed my life was R.E.M. and Siouxsie and the Banshees ...". "My favourite show I ever saw then was Siouxsie and she was absolutely amazing. ... She's totally in command of the whole audience". Yorke added that she "made an especially big impression in concert, she was really sexy but absolutely terrifying." Sonic Youth's singer and guitarist, Thurston Moore, named "Hong Kong Garden" as one of his all time 25 favourite songs.
Siouxsie has influenced other bands ranging from contemporaries U2 and The Cure to later acts like The Jesus and Mary Chain, Jane's Addiction and TV on the Radio. U2 Frontman Bononamed her as an influence in the band's 2006 autobiography U2 by U2. He was inspired by her way of singing. With his band, he selected "Christine" for a compilation made for Mojo's readers. U2 guitarist The Edge also was the presenter of an award given to Siouxsie at a Mojo ceremony in 2005. The Cure's Robert Smith declared in 2003: "Siouxsie and The Banshees and Wire were the two bands I really admired. They meant something." He also pinpointed what the Join Hands tour brought him musically: "On stage that first night with the Banshees, I was blown away by how powerful I felt playing that kind of music. It was so different to what we were doing with The Cure. Before that, I'd wanted us to be like The Buzzcocks or Elvis Costello, the punk Beatles. Being a Banshee really changed my attitude to what I was doing." For Smith's record The Head on the Door in 1985, he stated: "It reminds me of the Kaleidoscope album, the idea of having lots of different sounding things, different colours". Dave Navarro of Jane's Addiction once made a parallel between his band and the Banshees: "There are so many similar threads: melody, use of sound, attitude, sex appeal. I always saw Jane's Addiction as the masculine Siouxsie and the Banshees." From a younger generation, Dave Sitek of TV on the Radio hailed the poppiest Siouxsie songs, citing their arrangements: "I've always tried to make a song that begins like "Kiss Them for Me". I think songs like "I Was a Lover" or "Wash the Day Away" came from that element of surprise mode where all of a sudden this giant drum comes in and you're like, what the fuck?! That record was the first one where I was like, okay, even my friends're going to fall for this. I feel like that transition into that record was a relief for me. Really beautiful music was always considered too weird by the normal kids and that was the first example where I thought, we've got them, they're hooked! I watched people dance to that song, people who had never heard of any of the music that I listened to, they heard that music in a club and went crazy." Dave Gahan of Depeche Mode said about Siouxsie: "She always sounds exciting. She sings with a lot of sex–that's what I like".
Siouxsie has been hailed by many female singers. PJ Harvey selected Anima Animus album by Siouxsie's second band The Creatures, in her top 10 favourite albums of 1999. Sinéad O'Connor said that when she started, Siouxsie was one of her favourite singers. Tracey Thorn of Everything But The Girl wrote in her autobiography that Siouxsie was one of her "heroines". Thorn paid homage to Siouxsie in the lyrics of her 2007's song "Hands Up to the Ceiling". Garbage singer Shirley Manson cited her as an influence: "I learned how to sing listening to The Scream and Kaleidoscope." Manson also mentioned that Siouxsie embodied everything she wanted to be as a young woman. Gossip cited her as one of their influences for their 2009's Music For Men. Ana Matronic of Scissor Sisters named Siouxsie as a source of inspiration and the Banshees as her favourite band. Siouxsie was also name-checked by Kim Deal. Courtney Love cited her positively while talking about the band Savages : "They are amazing. ... It's kind of very Siouxsie Sioux."
Electronica singer Santigold has said:
|“||I keep a Rolodex of the women that vocally inspire me. There aren't that many, but she's definitely one of them. I remember one of the first times I heard "Red Light" it was at a party, and I remember going up to the DJ and being like, "Who's this?". It was that good. I kind of stopped and was like ... wow. There's not a tremendous amount of women who are bold and forward thinking as artists. I feel like her music, at the time especially, was pretty unique in the way that it sort of matched her style. The freedom of experimenting with this dark place that doesn't have a place often in modern music.||”|
In an interview with The Sunday Times in August 2007, she announced that she and Budgie had divorced. In an interview with The Independent, she said, "I've never particularly said I'm hetero or I'm a lesbian. I know there are people who are definitely one way, but not really me. I suppose if I am attracted to men then they usually have more feminine qualities."
For her works with Siouxsie and the Banshees, see Siouxsie and the Banshees discography.
For her works with The Creatures, see The Creatures discography.
|Year||Album details||Peak chart positions|
|2007||"Into a Swan"||59||Mantaray|
|"Here Comes That Day"||93|
|2008||"About to Happen"||154|
|1994||"Interlude"||Morrissey & Siouxsie||25||Non-album song|
- Morrissey: "Interlude" (single recorded in duet) (1994)
- Hector Zazou: "The Lighthouse" (song recorded as guest on the Chansons des mers froides/Songs from the Cold Seas album) (1995)
- Marc Almond: "Threat of Love" (song recorded in duet for the Open All Night album) (1999)
- Basement Jaxx: "Cish Cash" (song recorded as guest on the Kish Kash album) (2003)
- Angelo Badalamenti: "Careless Love" (song recorded as guest for The Edge of Love film soundtrack) (2008)
- Suede : "Caroline Says" (written by Lou Reed, performed on 30 July 1993 at a "Red Hot & AIDS Benefit" concert)
- John Cale : "Murdering Mouth" (unreleased Siouxsie song; duet performed several times live in 1998, first in Amsterdam, 25 February 1998 and many other times during their collaborative summer US'tour)
- Yoko Ono: "Walking on thin Ice" (duet performed live on 23 June 2013 in London)
Film appearances of songs include The Punk Rock Movie (Don Letts, 1977); Jubilee (Derek Jarman, 1977); Out of Bounds (Richard Tuggle, 1986); Batman Returns (Tim Burton,1992); Showgirls (Paul Verhoeven, 1995); The Craft (Andrew Fleming, 1996); Grosse Pointe Blank (George Armitage, 1997); The Filth and the Fury (Julien Temple, 2000); 24 Hour Party People (Michael Winterbottom, 2002); Marie Antoinette (Sofia Coppola, 2006); Monster House (Gil Kenan, 2006); Notes on a Scandal (Richard Eyre, 2006); Doomsday (Neil Marshall, 2008)